How to Grow Ficus Plant - Plant Care & Tips

By NorwichGardener Team   /   2024

Ficus is a plant that is often used as a decoration in homes and office buildings. It is a popular plant because it is easy to care for and can live in a wide range of environments.

How to Grow Ficus Plant - Plant Care & Tips

Alternative name

  • Weeping fig
  • Little leaf fig
  • Indian Laurel
  • Ficus microcarpa
  • Panda plant

Things to Know

  • Ficus trees are large, evergreen plants that can grow over 50 feet tall.
  • They have thick, leathery leaves that are often deeply lobed or serrated.
  • The trees produce small, round fruits that are eaten by birds and other animals.
  • Ficus trees are native to tropical and subtropical regions of the world.
  • They are often grown as houseplants or in outdoor gardens in warmer climates.
  • Ficus trees prefer bright, indirect sunlight and well-drained soil.
  • They are relatively easy to care for and can live for many years with proper care.
  • Ficus trees are susceptible to root rot and pests such as scale insects and mealybugs.
  • Regular pruning is necessary to keep the tree healthy and maintain its shape.
  • Some of the most popular ficus varieties include the Weeping Fig, Rubber Tree, and Banyan Tree.

Related plant:
Ficus Variegata

How to Grow

  1. For ficus , first step is to take a cutting from a existing plant that is around 6 inches long.
  2. Cut the stem at an angle just below a leaf node.
  3. Remove the leaves from the lower half of the stem.
  4. Dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone.
  5. Fill a small pot with well-draining potting mix.
  6. Make a small hole in the center of the potting mix and insert the stem.
  7. Firm the mix around the stem.
  8. Water the plant well.
  9. Place the pot in a warm, bright location out of direct sunlight.
  10. Keep the soil moist and wait for the plant to root in 4-6 weeks.

Related plant:
Ficus Audrey

Soil Condition

About soil condition, ficus is not too demanding and can grow in many types of soil as long as it is well drained. Ficus likes a soil that is high in organic matter and has a slightly acidic to neutral pH. If you are planting ficus in pots, use a potting mix that is formulated for acid-loving plants. Ficus can also be grown in hydroponic systems.

Light requirement

Not too different with other plants, ficus need sunlight to grow. They prefer bright, indirect sunlight, but can also tolerate low-light conditions. If you're growing a ficus indoors, make sure to place it near a window where it will get enough light. Too much direct sunlight can scorch the leaves, so it's best to avoid placing it in a south-facing window.

Ideal Temperature

The temperature condition is perfect for the ficus. It is warm enough for the plant to stay alive, but not too hot that the leaves will burn. The ficus likes a good amount of sunlight, so the location is perfect for it. The only thing that the ficus needs to watch out for is the occasional cold snap.

Humidity Level

Ideal humidity condition for this plant is between 40 to 60%. If the humidity level gets too low, the leaves will start to turn brown and drop off. If the humidity level gets too high, the leaves will start to yellow and drop off.


About fertilizer, usually the plant just need a low nitrogen fertilizer in early spring and mid-fall. For Ficus, you can use a complete fertilizer with a ratio such as 10-10-10. It is best to apply the fertilizer when the plant is actively growing, so it can make the most of the nutrients. The roots of a Ficus are very sensitive to changes in their environment. When moving a Ficus, it is important to take care not to damage the roots.

Light requirement

Pruning is an important part of keeping your ficus healthy and looking its best. When and how you prune will depend on the type of ficus you have. Some types of ficus, such as the weeping fig, can be pruned quite heavily, while others, such as the climbing fig, require only light pruning. If your ficus is looking leggy or overgrown, it's probably time for a good pruning. Start by removing any dead or diseased branches. Then, cut back any branches that are growing out of place or that are crossing over each other. You can also trim back any branches that are growing too long or too vigorously. When pruning, always make sure to use sharp, clean pruning shears. This will help prevent infection and disease. Also, be sure to prune at the right time of year. For most types of ficus, the best time to prune is in late winter or early spring.

The Propagation

Propagation is the process of creating new plants from existing ones. Ficus plants can be propagated from stem cuttings taken from the parent plant. The cutting should be at least 6 inches long and should be taken from a healthy, non-flowering stem. The cutting should be placed in a pot filled with moistened potting mix. The pot should be placed in a warm, sunny location. After the cutting has rooted and new growth appears, it can be transplanted to a permanent location.

Plant Growth

Usually, the plant growth rate are very fast when they are healthy and receiving the correct amount of nutrients and water. Many species can grow 3 to 4 feet in a single growing season. Some of the faster-growing types include the Ficus Benjamina, Ficus Lyrata, and Ficus Elastica. All three of these species can easily grow more than 2 feet in a single growing season.

The Problems

Common problems for this kind of plant include root rot, pests, and diseases. Proper care can help to prevent these problems. Root rot is a common problem for ficus plants. This can be caused by too much water or poor drainage. If you think your plant has root rot, take it out of the pot and check the roots. If they are mushy or black, you will need to remove them. If the plant is still healthy, you can replant it in fresh soil. Pests are another common problem for ficus plants. These can include aphids, mealybugs, and scale. If you see pests on your plant, you can try to remove them by hand. You can also use insecticidal soap or horticultural oil. Diseases can also be a problem for ficus plants. These can include leaf spot, powdery mildew, and root rot. If you see diseases on your plant, you can try to remove the affected leaves. You can also use fungicidal soap or horticultural oil.

Tips on Growing

  • Make sure to plant your ficus in a well-drained potting mix.
  • Keep your ficus in a bright spot, but out of direct sunlight.
  • Water your ficus regularly, making sure to keep the soil moist but not soggy.
  • Feed your ficus a balanced fertilizer every few months.
  • Prune your ficus as needed to keep it shapely and encourage new growth.
  • Repot your ficus every two to three years, using a slightly larger pot each time.
  • Be on the lookout for pests, such as scale, spider mites, and mealybugs, and treat them promptly if found.
  • Keep an eye out for signs of disease, such as leaf drop or discoloration, and contact a professional if you're concerned.
  • Remember that ficus are notoriously finicky, so don't be discouraged if your plant doesn't

Similar Plants

  • Ficus macrophylla, fig tree (tree)
  • Ficus religiosa, bodhi tree, bo tree
  • Ficus mathewsii, Moreton Bay fig
  • Ficus benjamina, weeping fig
  • Ficus obliqua, small leaf fig
  • Ficus Iongifolia, Victoria fig
  • Ficus autolopha, cedar fig
  • Ficus carica, fig tree (plant)
  • Ficus virens, fig tree (plant), ceylon fig
  • Ficus exasperata, gumboot fig

Care and Selection of Ficus - Cornell Cooperative Extension
Ficus carica | Landscape Plants | Oregon State University
Weeping Ficus | Home & Garden Information Center

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Trees Category