How to Grow Pistachio Plant - Plant Care & Tips

By NorwichGardener Team   /   2024

Pistachio is a deciduous tree that is native to central Asia and the Middle East. The pistachio tree can grow to a height of 20-30 feet and has a lifespan of around 50 years. The leaves of the pistachio tree are large and compound with 10-20 leaflets. The flowers of the pistachio tree are small and greenish-yellow in color. The fruit of the pistachio tree is a green, edible drupe that contains a large, edible seed.

How to Grow Pistachio Plant - Plant Care & Tips

Also known as

  • Almond
  • Araza
  • Barbary nut
  • Betel nut
  • Brazil nut

Good to Know

  • What is a pistachio?
  • A pistachio is a small, green-colored nut that is native to Asia and the Middle East.
  • How are pistachios grown?
  • Pistachios are grown on trees that can reach up to 20 feet in height. The trees take between 6 and 10 years to mature and can produce pistachios for up to 50 years.
  • What do pistachios taste like?
  • Pistachios have a sweet, nutty flavor that is similar to almonds.
  • What are the nutritional benefits of pistachios?
  • Pistachios are a good source of protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They are also low in calories and fat.
  • How can I eat pistachios?
  • Pistachios can be eaten raw, roasted, or salted. They can also be used in recipes for baked goods, pesto, and other dishes.

How to Grow

  1. For pistachio , first step is to choose the planting site. The planting site should be chosen based on the climate and soil type.
  2. The soil should be well-drained and have a pH between 0 and
  3. The planting site should be prepared by tilling or plowing to a depth of 8 to 10 inches.
  4. The trees should be planted in early spring.
  5. The trees should be planted at a spacing of 20 to 25 feet apart.
  6. After planting, the trees should be fertilized with a balanced fertilizer.
  7. The trees should be watered deeply and regularly during the first growing season.
  8. The trees should be pruned annually to maintain a desired shape and size.
  9. The trees will begin bearing fruit after 3 to 5 years.
  10. The fruit should be harvested when it is fully ripe.

Related plant:
Pistachio Hydrangea

The Soil

About soil condition, it's very important for the pistachio tree to have well-drained soil. The tree roots need to be able to spread out in search of water, so planting in too much clay or compacted soil can be detrimental. A raised bed is an ideal way to give pistachios the well-drained soil they prefer.

Light requirement

So, like the other types of nuts, pistachios grow on trees. In fact, the pistachio tree is a member of the cashew family. These days, most pistachios come from California, but they originally hail from the Middle East and central Asia. Pistachio trees need full sun to produce the best nuts. They can tolerate some shade, but they wonÂ’t produce as many nuts. Pistachio trees also need well-drained soil. The trees are drought-tolerant, but they produce more nuts if they get some irrigation during the growing season.

The Temperature

The temperature condition for storing pistachios is relatively cool and dry, between 32 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit with a humidity level of around 20 percent. If kept in these conditions, the nuts will last for several months.

Ideal Humidity

Ideal humidity condition for this plant is around 30% RH. Pistachio trees are native to Central Asia and the Middle East. They grow best in arid, desert-like conditions with low humidity. If the humidity is too high, the tree will produce fewer nuts.


The fertilizer, usually the plant food, for a pistachio tree is a 6-6-6 or 8-8-8 fertilizer that is a granular, slow-release fertilizer. There are many brands of fertilizer that will work. The amount of fertilizer and the number of times per year you fertilize depends on the age of your tree, the type of soil you have, and whether you are growing your tree in a pot or in the ground. A rule of thumb is to apply 1/4 to 1/2 pound of fertilizer per year for each year of the tree's age. If you are unsure, it is always better to err on the side of too little fertilizer rather than too much. Apply the fertilizer around the tree, taking care not to get any on the trunk or leaves, and water it in well.

Plant Pruning

Pruning your pistachio tree is important to maintain a healthy plant and produce a good crop. You should prune your tree every year, in late winter or early spring. Start by removing any dead or diseased branches. Then, cut back any branches that are rubbing together or crossing over each other. Finally, trim back any branches that are growing too close to the trunk of the tree.

The Propagation

Propagation is the process of creating new plants from existing ones. Pistachios are commonly propagated by rooting hardwood cuttings taken from the previous year's growth. The cuttings should be about 6 inches long and should be taken from healthy, disease-free plants.

Plant Growth

Usually, the plant growth rate during the first few years after planting, and then taper off. Water, however, is the key to keeping your young trees healthy and producing a good crop. The trees are quite drought tolerant once they are established, but during the first few years they need regular watering, especially during hot, dry weather.

Basic Problems

Common problems for this kind of plant are root-knot nematodes, crown gall, verticillium wilt, and pistachio twig dieback. These problems are caused by nematodes, bacteria, and fungi that attack the roots, stems, and leaves of the pistachio tree. They can cause the tree to lose leaves, produce fewer nuts, and eventually die.

List to Know

  • Remember to water your pistachio plant regularly, especially during the hot summer months.
  • Pistachio plants need full sun to grow and produce well, so make sure to plant them in a sunny spot in your garden.
  • Fertilize your pistachio plant every few weeks during the growing season to help it produce healthy, green leaves and bountiful fruit.
  • Prune your pistachio plant regularly to encourage new growth and prevent the plant from becoming too leggy or unruly.
  • When the pistachio fruits are ripe, they will fall from the tree. Be sure to check the ground beneath your plant regularly and collect the fruits before they have a chance to rot.
  • Pistachios can be eaten fresh, roasted, or made into a delicious pistachio butter.
  • To roast pistachios, simply place them on a baking sheet and bake at a low temperature until they are

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