How to Grow Abelia Floribunda - Plant Care & Tips

By NorwichGardener Team   /   2024

Abelia floribunda is a versatile and easy-to-grow shrub that can be used in a variety of landscape settings. It is tolerant of a wide range of soils and Exposure conditions and is adaptable to both full sun and partial shade. This evergreen shrub typically grows to 3-6’ tall and as wide, with a dense, rounded form. Small, tubular, white flowers with purple calyxes appear in clusters along the stems in late spring to early summer, with sporadic bloom often continuing into fall. The flowers are followed by small, round, black fruits. The glossy green leaves are elliptical to ovate in shape and turn bronze-purple in fall.

How to Grow Abelia Floribunda - Plant Care & Tips

Popular name

  • elderberry
  • arnica
  • calendula
  • chamomile
  • yarrow

Basic info

  • Abelia floribunda is a shrub that can grow to be about 3 meters tall.
  • The leaves of the Abelia floribunda are glossy and dark green in color, and are about 7-8 centimeters long.
  • The flowers of the Abelia floribunda are white and bell-shaped, and they grow in clusters.
  • The Abelia floribunda blooms from late spring to early summer.
  • The Abelia floribunda is native to China.
  • The Abelia floribunda is commonly used as an ornamental plant.
  • The Abelia floribunda is easy to care for and is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions.
  • The Abelia floribunda can be propagated from seed or cuttings.
  • The Abelia floribunda attracts bees and butterflies.
  • The Abelia floribunda is deer resistant.

Planting Process

  1. For abelia floribunda, first step is to obtain the plant. You can purchase the plant from a nursery or grow it yourself from a cutting.
  2. Plant the abelia floribunda in well-draining soil in an area that receives full sun to partial shade.
  3. Water the plant regularly, keeping the soil moist but not soggy.
  4. Fertilize the plant every few weeks with a balanced fertilizer.
  5. Prune the plant as needed to control its size and encourage new growth.
  6. Deadhead the flowers regularly to encourage continued blooming.
  7. Protect the plant from frost in winter by covering it with a frost blanket or bringing it indoors.
  8. Resume regular watering and fertilizing in spring as the weather warms up.
  9. Enjoy the abundant flowers of your abelia floribunda all season long!
  10. Propagate the plant by taking stem cuttings in late summer or early fall.

Related plant:
Abelia Grandiflora Kaleidoscope

Soil Condition

About soil condition, Abelia floribunda grows well in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist, rich, humusy soils. Tolerates light shade, but best flowering and foliage color usually occur in full sun. Soil must not be allowed to dry out.

Light condition

So, like the other plants, the abelia floribunda needs sunlight to grow. However, this plant is a little more tolerant to shady areas than others. It can still grow and bloom in partial shade, but it will produce more flowers if it gets at least six hours of direct sunlight each day.

Ideal Temperature

The temperature condition that is necessary for the growth of Abelia floribunda is a temperature that is not too cold and not too hot. This plant is native to China and Japan and prefers a moderate climate. Abelia floribunda can tolerates a wide range of temperatures, but it grows best between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant will not do well if the temperature gets below 50 degrees Fahrenheit or above 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

Humidity Level

Ideal humidity condition for this plant is between 40 to 60%. If the humidity drops below 40%, the leaves will start to fall off. If the humidity goes above 60%, the leaves will start to turn yellow and fall off.

Fertilizer Requirement

Discussing fertilizer, this kind of plant need high level of phosphorus in order to produce good results. A great amount of organic matter is also important for the growth of this beautiful flower. The best way to achieve these two things is by using manure or compost. For the roots, it is necessary to keep them moist but not waterlogged. Therefore, choose a well-draining pot to prevent the roots from rotting.

About light

Pruning is an important part of keeping your abelia floribunda healthy and looking its best. This shrub can be pruned in early spring or late fall. If you prune in early spring, it will encourage new growth. If you prune in late fall, it will help the plant to retain its shape over winter. To prune, remove any dead or diseased branches, and then cut back any that are longer than the others.

About Propagating

Propagation : Take softwood cuttings from young shoots in late spring or early summer. Cuttings should be 5-8 inches (12.5-20 cm) long, and should have at least two leaves. Dip the cuttings in hormone rooting powder, and plant in moistened potting mix. Place the pot in a plastic bag to create a humid environment, and set in a bright, indirect location. Keep the soil moist, but not soggy, and in 4-6 weeks the cuttings should have rooted.

Growth Speed

Usually, the plant growth rate is between 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 cm) a year, with a maximum growth rate of 18 inches (45 cm). However, since this plant has a wide range of soil and moisture requirements, the actual growth rate will vary depending on the growing conditions. In general, plants grown in rich, moist soil will have a faster growth rate than those grown in poorer soil conditions.

Basic Problems

Common problems for this kind of plant are aphids, scale, and leaf miner. For all three of these pests, you can use an insecticidal soap or horticultural oil. Be sure to follow the directions on the label. Another common problem is powdery mildew. This can be treated with a fungicide.

List to Know

  • Remember to plant your abelia floribunda in an area that receives full sun to partial shade.
  • This shrub does best in well-drained soil, so be sure to amend your planting area accordingly.
  • Water your abelia floribunda regularly, especially when first planting it, to help it establish a deep root system.
  • Abelia floribunda is a relatively low-maintenance plant, but you should still prune it annually to encourage new growth and maintain its shape.
  • This shrub is relatively resistant to pests and disease, but be on the lookout for scale, mealybugs, and aphids.
  • Abelia floribunda is known for its abundant flowers, so be sure to deadhead spent blooms to promote continuous blooming.
  • When planting abelia floribunda, be sure to space it out accordingly to allow room for its mature size

Related Plants

  • Abelia chinensis
  • Abelia flava
  • Abelia grandiflora
  • Abelia triflora
  • Abelia x grandiflora
  • Abelia x grandiflora 'Edward Goucher'
  • Abelia x grandiflora 'Elegantissima'
  • Abelia x grandiflora 'Francis Mason'
  • Abelia x grandiflora 'Ging states'
  • Abelia x grandiflora 'Hopleys'

JC Raulston Arboretum - Photographs of Abelia floribunda
Abelia: A Landscape Plant Made for Droughts | CAES Newswire
Abelia floribunda (Linnaeaceae) image 25686 at

Richelle Author Photo
Reviewed & Published by Richelle
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Herbs Category