How to Grow Anjeer Tree - Plant Care & Tips

By NorwichGardener Team   /   2024

Anjeer tree is a large deciduous tree that can grow up to 20–30 metres (66–98 ft) tall. The tree is native to the Irano-Turanian region and has been introduced to South Asia and North Africa. The anjeer tree is widely cultivated for its fruit, which is used fresh or dried. The fruit is a rich source of vitamins and minerals, and has a high fibre content.

How to Grow Anjeer Tree - Plant Care & Tips

Also known as

  • Ficus carica
  • Common fig
  • Edible fig
  • Fig tree
  • Smyrna fig

Basic info

  • The anjeer tree is native to the Middle East and South Asia.
  • The anjeer tree can grow to a height of 30 meters (98 feet).
  • The anjeer tree has a life span of up to 100 years.
  • Anjeer fruits are oblong in shape and have a brownish-black color.
  • Each anjeer fruit contains 3 to 5 seeds.
  • The anjeer tree blooms in the springtime.
  • The anjeer tree is cultivated for its fruits, which are used in many different recipes.
  • Anjeer fruits are a good source of dietary fiber.
  • Anjeer fruits are also a good source of vitamins and minerals.
  • Anjeer trees are often used as ornamental plants.

Planting Process

  1. For anjeer tree, first step is to take a good quality and disease free plant.
  2. Choose a suitable location for planting an anjeer tree. The location should have well-drained soil and full sunlight.
  3. Dig a hole in the selected location and place the plant in it.
  4. Backfill the hole with good quality soil and water it thoroughly.
  5. An anjeer tree requires regular watering. Water the tree deeply and regularly during the first growing season.
  6. Apply a layer of mulch around the tree to retain moisture and suppress weeds.
  7. Fertilize the tree once a year with a balanced fertilizer.
  8. An anjeer tree does not require pruning. However, you can prune it to shape it if desired.
  9. The tree bears fruit in the second or third year of growth.
  10. Harvest the fruits when they are ripe and enjoy them fresh or use them in cooking.

Soil Requirement

About soil condition, anjeer tree needs deep, well-drained, sandy loam soils with a pH of 6.5 to 7.5 for optimal growth. Anjeer tree can also tolerate a range of soil types including heavy clay soils, but it will not tolerate waterlogged conditions.

About light

So, like the other trees, the anjeer tree needs sunlight to grow. However, it is not as needy as some other trees when it comes to sunlight. It can grow in both full sun and partial shade. This makes it a good tree to plant in an area where other trees may not be able to grow as well.

Good Temperature

The temperature condition that is most ideal for growing anjeer trees is one that is warm and sunny. Anjeer trees require a lot of sunlight in order to produce fruit, so a location that gets plenty of sun is ideal. The tree will also do well in a semi-arid climate, as long as there is enough water available for the tree to drink. Anjeer trees are not tolerant of cold weather and will not do well in frosty or freezing conditions.

Humidity Aspect

Ideal humidity condition for this plant is between 40% to 60%. If the humidity is too low, the leaves will drop and the plant will go into dormancy. If the humidity is too high, the plant will develop fungal diseases.

The Fertilizer

Discussing fertilizer, this plant does best with a balanced fertilizer applied monthly during the growing season. Anjeer trees also respond well to top dressing with compost or manure in late winter or early spring. The best time to plant an anjeer tree is in the spring. The tree should be planted in a location that has well-drained soil and is in full sun. Anjeer trees are relatively drought tolerant once they are established, but they do best with regular watering during the first few years after planting.

About light

Pruning is a process of selectively removing certain parts of a plant, such as branches, leaves, or fruit, in order to improve its appearance or encourage its growth. Anjeer trees are typically pruned in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins.

The Propagation

Propagation of anjeer tree is by seed. The tree grows easily from seed, which should be sown as soon as it is ripe in spring. The seed should be soaked in water for 24 hours before planting. It germinates in three to four weeks.

Growth Rate

Usually, the plant growth rate is determined by the conditions of the plant's habitat. Anjeer trees require well-drained soil and full sun to reach their potential growth rate. The anjeer tree's roots are very sensitive to water-logging, so the level of drainage in the soil is critical to the health of the tree. Once established, anjeer trees are drought-tolerant.

The Problems

Common problems for this kind of plant are powdery mildew, root rot, and pests. Powdery mildew is a white, fuzzy mold that can form on the leaves and stems of the plant. Root rot is caused by too much moisture and can cause the roots to rot and the plant to die. Pests such as aphids, mites, and whiteflies can damage the leaves and stems of the plant.

Basics of Growing

  • Do not forget to water the plant regularly.
  • Plant the anjeer tree in a sunny spot.
  • Use well-drained soil for planting.
  • Fertilize the anjeer tree every month during the growing season.
  • Prune the anjeer tree regularly to encourage new growth.
  • Keep the area around the anjeer tree free from weeds.
  • Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the tree to help retain moisture.
  • Anjeer trees are susceptible to fungal diseases. Treat the tree with a fungicide if needed.
  • Scale insects can be a problem for anjeer trees. Treat the tree with an insecticide if needed.
  • Deer and rabbits enjoy eating anjeer tree leaves. Protect the tree with a fence if needed.

You May Like

  • Abeh (capparis spinosa)
  • Abu (abutilon indicum)
  • Agar (agarwood)
  • Ajarak (crataeva religiosa)
  • Ak (pomegranate)
  • Al (almond)
  • Alak (solanum indicum)
  • Alang (hymnocatus pubescens)
  • Am (mango)
  • Amb (ambrette)

Find Trees & Learn | University of Arizona Campus Arboretum - Home | Facebook
Tree Resources | Cooperative Extension - University of Arizona

Richelle Author Photo
Reviewed & Published by Richelle
Submitted by our contributor
Trees Category