How to Grow Pernettya - Plant Care & Tips

By NorwichGardener Team   /   2024

Pernettya is a small, perennial shrub in the family Ericaceae. The leaves are alternate, evergreen, and 2–5 cm long. The flowers are white, nodding, and bell-shaped, with five petals. The fruit is a dark-colored drupe. pernettya is native to the Andes Mountains of South America.

How to Grow Pernettya - Plant Care & Tips

Also known as

  • Pernteya
  • Pernettya
  • Pernettya fuchsii
  • Pernettya rigida
  • Pernettya tahitensis

Basic info

  • Pernettya is a genus of flowering plants in the familyViolaceae.
  • The genus is named after French botanist Pierre Magnol (1638-1715).
  • Pernettya is native to South America, Central America, and the Caribbean.
  • The genus includes about 60 species.
  • Pernettya is closely related to the genus Viola, and some taxonomists consider it to be a subgenus of Viola.
  • Pernettya plants are typically small shrubs or herbs.
  • The leaves are variable in shape, but are often lobed or toothed.
  • The flowers are small and typically white or pale purple.
  • Pernettya fruits are berries that vary in color from white to black.
  • Many Pernettya species are popular ornamental plants.

Planting Process

  1. For pernettya, first step is to find a sunny spot in your yard that has well-drained soil. If you have heavy clay soil, mix in some sand or organic matter to improve drainage.
  2. Next, you will need to gather some pernettya seeds. You can do this by breaking open the berries and removing the seeds from inside.
  3. Once you have your seeds, it is time to plant them. You can plant them directly in the ground or start them indoors in pots.
  4. If you are planting them indoors, start them about 8 weeks before the last frost date in your area.
  5. To plant them outdoors, wait until after the last frost date has passed.
  6. Plant the seeds about ½ inch deep in the soil.
  7. Once they are planted, keep the soil moist but not wet.
  8. In about 2-3 weeks, you should see the seeds germinate and start to grow.
  9. Once they have grown a few inches tall, you can thin them out so that they are about 6 inches apart.
  10. Water them regularly and fertilize them every few weeks. In the fall, cut back on watering to help them prepare for winter.

The Soil

About soil condition, Pernettya is very sensitive to changes in soil moisture and will not tolerate long periods of drought. The ideal soil for growing Pernettya is a moist, well-drained, sandy loam. Pernettya is also sensitive to high levels of soluble salts and should not be grown in soils with a high salt content.

Light condition

Not too different with other plants, pernettya need sunlight to create its food. Different pernettya species have different light requirements, but most prefer bright, indirect sunlight. If you are growing pernettya indoors, make sure to place it near a south- or west-facing window.

The Temperature

The temperature condition in the Pernettya area is moderate. The average temperature is about 20 degrees Celsius. There is not much variation in the temperature condition throughout the year. The temperature in the Pernettya area is moderate, and there is not much variation in the temperature condition throughout the year.

Humidity Level

Ideal humidity condition for this plant is around 50%. too high or too low humidity can lead to leaves turning brown and dying. Overwatering can also lead to fungal growth which can lead to plant death.


About fertilizer, this type of plant needs a lot of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium to ensure good growth. Although pernettya is not a heavy feeder, it's a good idea to fertilize every few weeks during the growing season. As for the roots, they are fine and don't need to be trimmed.

About light

Pruning is an important horticultural practice that helps ensure the health and vigor of your plants. When done correctly, pruning can encourage new growth, improve the shape of your plants, and remove diseased or damaged tissue.

Plant Propagation

Propagation is the process of creating new plants from a variety of sources: seeds, cuttings, bulbs, and other plant parts. Plants can be propagated from seed, but this is often a slow and unreliable method. Cuttings, on the other hand, can be taken from almost any part of the plant and will quickly produce new roots and shoots. Bulbs can also be easily divided to create new plants.

Growth Rate

Usually, the plant growth rate during the first five years. However, during the first year, pernettya growth is very slow. The average pernettya grows to about 1 meter in height and 2 meters in width.

Common Problems

Common problems for this kind of plant are aphids, scale, and whiteflies. These pests can be controlled with regular applications of insecticidal soap or neem oil. If these pests are left unchecked, they can cause serious damage to the plant.

Growing Tips

  • Do not forget to water your Pernettya regularly, especially during summer months.
  • Fertilize your plant with a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer once a month.
  • Place your Pernettya in an area with full sun to partial shade.
  • Prune your plant regularly to encourage new growth and to maintain its shape.
  • Keep an eye out for pests and diseases, and treat accordingly if necessary.
  • Pernettyas are generally low-maintenance plants, but they will benefit from being deadheaded.
  • These plants are drought tolerant once they are established, but they will appreciate occasional deep watering during extended dry periods.
  • Mulch around your Pernettya to help retain moisture and suppress weeds.
  • These plants are relatively resistant to deer and rabbits, but they may be damaged by heavy browsing.
  • Pernettyas can be propagated by

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