How to Grow Choisya Aztec Pearl - Plant Care & Tips

By NorwichGardener Team   /   2024

Choisya aztec pearl is an evergreen shrub that is native to Mexico. The plant has dark green, glossy leaves and white, fragrant flowers. The shrub can grow up to 6 feet tall and 8 feet wide. The plant is drought tolerant and prefers full sun.

How to Grow Choisya Aztec Pearl - Plant Care & Tips

Also known as

  • Mexican Orange
  • Aztec Orange
  • Aztec Pearl
  • Aztec Marigold
  • Orange Marigold

Good to Know

  • Choisya aztec pearl is a perennial shrub.
  • It is native to Mexico.
  • It has glossy, dark green leaves.
  • The flowers are white and have a strong, sweet fragrance.
  • It blooms in late spring to early summer.
  • It is tolerant of poor soils and drought.
  • It is Deer resistant.
  • It attracts pollinators such as bees and butterflies.
  • It can be used as a specimen plant or in mass plantings.
  • It is easy to grow and care for.

Related plant:
Choisya Ternata Aztec Pearl

Planting Process

  1. For choisya aztec pearl, first step is to create a planting hole that is twice the diameter and depth of the plant’s root ball.
  2. Next, backfill the hole with a mixture of half native soil and half compost.
  3. After that, water the area deeply to help settle the roots.
  4. The fourth step is to mulch around the plant to help retain moisture and suppress weeds.
  5. Choisya aztec pearl should be fertilized in early spring with a slow-release fertilizer.
  6. This plant prefers full sun to partial shade, so choose a location accordingly.
  7. Once it is established, choisya aztec pearl is drought tolerant and does not need much supplemental watering.
  8. To encourage blooming, prune the plant in late winter or early spring.
  9. This plant is generally pest and disease free, but watch for aphids and spider mites.
  10. Choisya aztec pearl can be propagated by rooting stem cuttings.

Related plant:
Choisya Ternata Sundance

Considering the Soil

About soil condition, Choisya aztec pearl require well-drained soil, and should not be allowed to dry out. They are not particular about soil type or pH. They are somewhat tolerant of poor soil, but will not thrive in wet, boggy conditions. Potted plants will need more frequent watering than those in the ground.

Light condition

Not too different with other members of the Choisya genus, ‘Aztec Pearl’ needs full sun to produce the most flowers. It will still flower in partial sun, but the flowers will be smaller and the plant may be more leggy. Bring your plant indoors or place it under grow lights if you live in an area with very cold winters.

Good Temperature

The temperature condition that is best for the Choisya aztec pearl is a warm temperature. This plant does not like to be in a cold or hot environment. If the temperature is too cold, the leaves of the plant will turn yellow and fall off. If the temperature is too hot, the leaves of the plant will wilt and the flowers will fall off. The best temperature for this plant is between 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Humidity Requirement

Ideal humidity condition for this plant is 50%. However, it will survive and maintain its leaves in lower humidity, as long as it is not below 30%. The leaves may start to drop if the humidity drops too low for too long.

The Fertilizer

Discussing fertilizer, usually the plant food we put on our gardens, most people don't think about the roots. The roots, however, are just as important as the leaves and blossoms when it comes to the plant. The roots are what hold the plant in the ground, after all, and they are responsible for taking in nutrients and water. Just like the leaves, the roots can become damaged and stressed, which is why it's important to give them the care they need.

Plant Pruning

Pruning your Choisya aztec pearl plant is essential to its health and vigor. This evergreen shrub can become quite leggy and scraggly over time if left unpruned. The best time to prune your Choisya aztec pearl is in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins to emerge. Use sharp, clean pruning shears to remove any dead, diseased, or damaged branches. You can also prune back overgrown branches to control the plant's size and shape.

About Propagating

Propagation of Choisya aztec pearl is most commonly done through stem cuttings taken from new growth in late spring or early summer. Cuttings should be taken from healthy, disease-free plants and should be 4-6 inches in length. The bottom 2 inches of the cutting should be placed in a well-drained potting mix, and the pot should be kept in indirect light until roots have developed and new growth appears.

Growth Rate

Usually, the plant growth rate is between 6 and 12 inches per year. An occasional year may see a growth rate of 18 inches. Once the plant is mature, the growth rate will likely taper off to about 6 inches per year.

Basic Problems

Common problems for this kind of plant are blackening of the leaves and flowers, yellowing of the leaves, and wilting of the leaves. These problems are usually caused by too much water, not enough light, or pests.

Tips on Growing

  • Make sure to provide Choisya aztec pearl with full sun to partial shade.
  • This plant prefers well-drained soils.
  • Fertilize Choisya aztec pearl regularly with a balanced fertilizer.
  • Prune away any dead or damaged branches on the plant.
  • Pests and diseases are not common problems with Choisya aztec pearl.
  • This plant is drought tolerant once established.
  • Provide supplemental watering during periods of extended drought.
  • Apply a thin layer of mulch around the base of the plant to help conserve moisture.
  • This plant can be propagated by rooting stem cuttings.
  • Watch for Aphids and scale which can infest this plant.

Related Plants

  • Choisya ternata ‘Sunshine’ – Choisya ternata ‘Sunshine’
  • Choisya ternata – Choisya ternata
  • Choisya aztec pearl – Choisya ternata
  • Choisya orange fleshed – Choisya ternata
  • Choisya ternata ‘White Dazzler’ – Choisya ternata ‘White Dazzler’
  • Choisya maverick – Choisya ternata
  • Choisya ternata ‘Lemon and Lime’ – Choisya ternata ‘Lemon and Lime’
  • Choisya ternata ‘Sundance’ – Choisya ternata ‘Sundance’
  • Choisya ternata

JC Raulston Arboretum - Our Plants - Choisya ×dewitteana 'Aztec Pearl'
JC Raulston Arboretum - Photographs of Choisya × dewitteana 'Aztec Pearl'
choisya aztec pearl -

Richelle Author Photo
Reviewed & Published by Richelle
Submitted by our contributor
Shrubs Category