How to Grow Cotoneaster Salicifolius - Plant Care & Tips

By NorwichGardener Team   /   2024

Cotoneaster salicifolius is a species of plant in the family rosaceae. it is a low-growing, creeping shrub with small, white flowers and round, red fruits. the leaves are sharply toothed and the stems are covered in small, sharp spines. cotoneaster salicifolius is native to Europe and Asia and is commonly grown as an ornamental plant in gardens and parks.

How to Grow Cotoneaster Salicifolius - Plant Care & Tips

Also known as

  • Cotoneaster pinnatifidus
  • Cotoneaster salicifolius var. pinnatifidus
  • Cotoneaster acuminatus
  • Cotoneaster divaricatus
  • Cotoneaster lucidus

Basic info

  • Cotoneaster salicifolius is a species of cotoneaster native to central and southern Europe, from France and Spain east to Bulgaria and Turkey.
  • It is a medium-sized deciduous shrub growing to 3–5 m (10–16 ft) tall and wide, with a dense, twiggy structure.
  • The leaves are oval, 2–4 cm (1–5 in) long and 5–2 cm (0.6–0.8 in) broad, with a finely toothed margin.
  • The flowers are white, 5–8 mm diameter, produced in dense clusters of 3-6 together from late spring to early summer.
  • The fruit is a small, oval, dark red drupe 10–12 mm diameter, ripening in late summer to autumn and often persisting into winter.
  • Cotoneaster salicifolius is a popular garden plant, grown for its flowers, fruit and dense evergreen foliage.
  • It is widely planted as a groundcover shrub, particularly on slopes or where a low-growing, dense cover is required.
  • It is also used as a low hedge.
  • It is tolerant of a wide range of soil types and conditions, and is drought-tolerant once established.
  • It is generally considered to be a low-maintenance plant.

Growing Steps

  1. For cotoneaster salicifolius, first step is to find a sunny spot.
  2. Then, loosen the soil and dig a hole that is twice the size of the plant’s root ball.
  3. After that, mix some compost into the hole.
  4. Then, place the plant in the hole and backfill it with soil.
  5. Next, water the plant deeply.
  6. Once the plant is established, fertilize it once a year in the spring.
  7. To keep the plant from getting too big, prune it in the spring.
  8. To propagate cotoneaster salicifolius, take stem cuttings in the summer.
  9. If the plant becomes infested with aphids, spray it with water to knock them off.
  10. Finally, enjoy your beautiful cotoneaster salicifolius plant!

Related plant:
Rockspray Cotoneaster

The Soil

About soil condition, cotoneaster salicifolius prefers well-drained soils, and is intolerant of wet soils. It also prefers neutral to slightly acidic soils but can tolerate some alkalinity. It is not very tolerant of compaction.

Light condition

Just like other cotoneaster species, the cotoneaster salicifolius requires full sun to partial sun in order to maintain its growth. However, it can also tolerate shady areas and still produce an abundant display of flowers. This plant is considered to be an evergreen, meaning it will keep its leaves all year long. The cotoneaster salicifolius is a fast-growing plant and can get to be up to 6 feet tall.

The Temperature

The temperature condition that is most favorable for the growth of cotoneaster salicifolius is between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. This plant is not tolerant of cold weather and will not survive if the temperature drops below 60 degrees. In addition, this plant does not do well in hot, dry conditions and will not thrive if the temperature exceeds 70 degrees. Therefore, it is best to grow cotoneaster salicifolius in an area that has moderate temperature conditions.

Humidity Aspect

Ideal humidity condition for this plant is around 40-50%. If the humidity is too low, the leaves will start to turn brown and drop off. If the humidity is too high, the leaves will start to get yellow spots.

The Fertilizer

About fertilizer, this type of plant prefer low nitrogen fertilizer. The best time to fertilize is in early spring, before new growth begins. Be sure to follow the package directions for application rates. As for watering, cotoneaster salicifolius is drought tolerant once established, but will appreciate supplemental water during times of extended drought. It has a deep root system, so it is best to water deeply and infrequently, rather than lightly and frequently.

About light

Pruning should be done in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins. Remove any dead or diseased wood, as well as any crossing or rubbing branches. Next, thin out the interior of the plant to allow light and air to reach the center. Finally, shorten any long, leggy branches.

About Propagating

Propagation of cotoneaster salicifolius is generally by rooting hardwood cuttings taken from the desired plant. Cuttings should be taken from new growth that is semi-ripe and approximately 4 to 6 inches long. The bottom portion of the cutting should be placed in a rooting hormone before being inserted into a well-draining potting mix. The pot should be kept moist and in a location that receives indirect sunlight. Once roots have developed and the plant is established, it can be transplanted to its permanent location.

Growth Rate

Usually, the plant growth rate during the spring and summer months when the weather is warm and there is plenty of rainfall. Growth rates will vary depending on the individual plant, but generally speaking, cotoneaster salicifolius plants will grow at a medium to rapid pace during these seasons. If you live in an area with a cold winter, growth will likely slow down or stop altogether until the spring months when warmer weather returns.

The Problems

Common problems for this kind of plant are aphids, scale, and spider mites. These pests can be controlled with a regular spraying schedule using an insecticide. Other problems include leaf spot, powdery mildew, and root rot. These diseases can be controlled with a fungicide.

Growing Tips

  • If you are growing cotoneaster salicifolius from seed, start the seeds indoors in late winter or early spring.
  • Sow the seeds on the surface of a sterile seed starting mix and press them lightly into the mix.
  • Keep the seed mix moist but not wet and place the container in a warm location.
  • The seeds will germinate in 10-14 days.
  • Once the seedlings emerge, transplant them into individual pots filled with a sterile potting mix.
  • Grow the seedlings under bright, indirect light and keep the soil moist but not wet.
  • When the seedlings are 6-8 weeks old, transplant them into the garden.
  • Choose a planting site that receives full sun to partial shade and has well-drained soil.
  • Space the plants 10-12 inches apart.
  • Water the plants regularly, especially

Similar Plants

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MELU Herbarium | Cotoneaster salicifolius
Cotoneaster salicifolius information from the Global Compendium …
Common Insect Pests of Cotoneaster - University of Kentucky

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